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Scout Report: Phil Foden 2019/20

David Silva will leave Manchester City this summer after serving for a decade in the club. At the Etihad Stadium, the Spaniard has helped City to win four Premier League trophies as well as ten more domestic trophies. His on-pitch impact for the club is probably second to none, and it seems that City will work hard to find the perfect replacement for him.

The good news is the Citizens now have Phil Foden. The 20-year-old midfielder has been discussed as the true heir to the legendary Silva. Not only because of their similar tiny size, but also their high vision and capability to control the game. Is he ready to take the responsibility next season? This tactical analysis will try to answer that question.

Player profile

Foden is originally an attacking midfielder who can also play as a central midfielder. However, due to City’s abundance in the engine room, Foden didn’t have a lot of minutes in his preferred role. Instead, Pep Guardiola gave him more opportunity by playing as a winger.

Such a condition actually gave Foden more versatility, as he can play in both flanks with supreme quality. If we look at the stats, Foden has played all his games in the Project Restart period as a winger. He even finished the league campaign with five goals and an assist in just 40 days. For comparison, he only made one goal contribution in the league from August to March.

Foden’s promising performance also continued in the knockout competitions. Those being the FA Cup, Carabao Cup, and UEFA Champions League. The statistics show that Foden thus far has eight goals and nine assists in all competitions. This scout report will dig deep about his role within City’s tactics.

Lives in the half-space

This part of the analysis will take a look at Foden’s role in City’s attacking tactics. When building their attacks, Guardiola would rely much on his centre-backs to bring the ball forward. If the centre-back pairing can’t beat the first line of defence then the manager would allow one player to make an overload at the back.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
Foden doesn’t drop in City’s early build-up phase.

As a winger, Foden would be tasked to stay in City’s attacking line. The objective is to prevent City from overcommitting players at the back as well as having vertical options in advanced areas. To be more specific, he would be tucked inside more often because the wide-area will be occupied by the full-back.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
The number 47’s inside presence can also help City to switch their play to the far-side full-back whenever needed.

The similar tendency can also be found when the ball has moved into advanced areas. Instead of drifting wide, Foden could be found more often playing inside. By playing inside, he doesn’t only give the full-back huge space in the wide area. He can also vary his approach by slightly dropping and offer himself in between the lines. This would help him to receive a vertical pass from deeper teammates as well as combining with his attacking comrades.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
Foden tucks inside, receives from Fernandinho, and combines with Silva in between the lines.

Great spatial awareness (part one)

One of Foden’s main traits is his spatial awareness. It means that he can detect any opening within the opponents’ defensive block, and also know how to exploit it. The first way he would do that is by dropping from his position and offer himself close to the on-ball player. His most common habit is by dropping in between the lines, as mentioned previously.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
Foden notices the space, but İlkay Gündoğan doesn’t play the ball to him.

The second way he would exploit the gap is by running into space. It occurs mostly in the final third when the opponents are still reorganising to adjust with City’s vertical plays. The location is also a bit similar: between the defensive lines. He would try to exploit the vacated area by running into it and ask for a cut-back pass from the on-ball teammate.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
Foden sees the gap then attacks it quickly. Unfortunately, Kevin de Bruyne plays the ball to Gabriel Jesus instead of him.

Great spatial awareness (part two)

Last but not least, Foden would exploit the gap by driving with the ball. It happens mostly when he receives the ball in a deeper area and have ample space in front of him. He would utilise his good acceleration and brilliant close control to bring the ball forward, then sending the ball to his attacking comrade(s) or finish the sequence on his own.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
Rodri finds dropping Foden with a vertical pass. The Englishman then drives his way in before pushing the ball to G. Jesus.

Foden, however, can also allow his teammates to exploit the space within the opponents’ defensive block. This can happen in two ways. Firstly, by making a fake run behind the defensive line. This would pull the opponents’ defender(s)’ focus to him thus opening a passing lane to City’s central midfielder. Secondly, by deliberately moving out from the space. By doing this, Foden would allow his fellow Citizen to roam forward and exploit the gap.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
Foden fakes a run and opens a passing lane from Oleksandr Zinchenko to Silva.

Sticky feet

Foden’s tendency to drive can also be seen when he has limited space ahead. He would happily take on multiple opponents to progress the ball as well as disrupting their defensive block in the process. Foden has good ball control and a low centre of gravity which make the opponents struggle to tackle the ball from him.

The statistics show that Foden has made 3.9 dribbles (83.63%) per 90 minutes in Europe; the best among Guardiola’s armada. It doesn’t stop there. His rate of 2.5 successful dribbles (83.33%) per 90 league minutes is also one of the best in City’s squad. However, there is an issue in this particular trait. We will discuss that later.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
Foden drives in despite more opponents standing in his way.

Foden’s brilliant composure on the ball can also be seen when he’s in the receiving end. He can use almost all parts of his body to control the ball easily and continue City’s attack. For example, he can control a clearance with his chest as smooth as receiving the ball under his body while spinning. This ability is crucial because the Citizens like to play with hard passes, which need pairs of sticky feet to keep the possession.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
The youngster controls Mendy’s hard pass perfectly despite having to receive in a rather awkward gesture.

Foden’s distribution quality has massively improved this season. Its shown mostly by his ability to send perfectly-weighted passes to his advanced teammate(s). Foden can vary his approach by pushing the ball casually to his overlapping teammates, or sending reverse passes like a seasoned maestro. By weighing his passes perfectly, he allows the receiver to continue (or even finish) the attack with lesser touches.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
Foden finds Bernardo Silva with a reverse pass. This sequence in the number 21’s goal.

Very mature for his age

The 20-year-old on-ball quality doesn’t stop there. The next trait in the locker is his unique ability to play one-touch passes with ease. One of the reasons behind this particular trait is his supreme use of body shape. Foden is able to adjust to the ball trajectory, open his body, then knocks the ball cleanly to his teammate.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
Foden adjusts well to Fernandinho’s pass, then finds Bernardo with his first touch.

However, Foden can also alternate by using more touches whenever needed. Usually, he would use two touches in the process. First, he would receive the pass and controls it. By controlling the ball, Foden would try to lure the defender to a certain position he desired. It would make him dictate the movement of the incoming defender.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
The Englishman controls the ball with his first touch and attracts Andrew Robertson out of his position to press him.
Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
His next touch ends in a deadly combination with De Bruyne; allowing him to exploit the vacated space and score.

That first touch is actually a trap for the defender, as it would make them out of position for most of the time. Foden — now free from his marker —  Can now use the second touch to progress the ball. Even better, he can also attack the gap left by the defender by receiving a wall-pass from his teammate.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
The sequence against Liverpool is not a fluke. In this image, Foden controls the ball perfectly and attracts Amer Gojak’s attention.
Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
The Bosnian falls into Foden’s trap. Free Foden then finds Benjamin Mendy in behind to set up G. Jesus’ goal.

Defensive roles

Guardiola’s men have become more cautious off the ball in 2019/20.  Mainly, because they don’t have a proper high-quality centre-back apart from Aymeric Laporte after Vincent Kompany’s departure. By ‘cautious’, it means that City would not press the opponents as aggressive as the previous seasons. Instead, they would drop deeper in a medium defensive block, and limit the space in behind their defensive line.

Specifically, City would mainly use 4–4–2 when they didn’t have the ball. Their focus is to defend zonally and protect the central lanes. In the process, Foden would serve as a winger, while one of the midfielders accompany the centre-forward upfront.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
City’s main shape off the ball.

City’s mid-block 4–4–2 would try to force their opponents to build their attacks from wide areas. However, the Citizens have a particular reaction if that happens. When the ball goes wide, City’s on-ball winger will try to press the opponents’ flank player. This aggressive movement then is followed by his teammates to prevent the rivals from penetrating City’s defensive block. As a result, City either would win the ball back in the flank or at least force the opponents to play backwards.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
Foden presses the ball when it goes wide. This sequence ends with Robertson playing the ball negatively.

Potential issues

Despite all his talents, Foden still has a lot to improve. First of all, his lack of upper-body strength. The teenager’s size makes him very unreliable in physical duels, especially in the air. If we look at the stats, he has lost 1.0 (71.42%) of his aerial duels per 90 Champions League minutes this season. This issue can be exploited in set-piece situations or even open-plays when City need to win the second-balls.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
Foden loses the physical duel despite his similar size to Reiss Nelson.

Secondly, his lack of variation when dribbling, indeed this scout report suggested that one of Foden’s main traits is his ball-carrying ability. However, he has one big issue in that. That being his over-tendency to use his left foot. As good as his left foot may be, Foden still lacks unpredictability when taking on his opponents. Even worse, he doesn’t have much trickery or dazzling body feints under his sleeve to vary his dribbles.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
The youngster needs to work on his right foot when dribbling. In this sequence, he makes himself run in a circle before being tackled by multiple opponents.

Last but not least, Foden has not developed enough ability to send crosses. If we look at the numbers, the teenager has only averaged 0.7 (24.14%) successful crosses per 90 minutes in the leagues. Sometimes this happens because he doesn’t read the situation well, and keep sending the cross despite lack of teammates inside the box. On other occasions, the issue happens just because of his lack of quality to execute such a pass.

Phil Foden 2019/20 - Scout Report - Tactical Analysis Tactics
His crossing ability needs to improve massively.


Foden is a very exciting player to watch. He already has an elite maturity as well as top-level game knowledge for a player of his age. Foden also has a lot of untapped potentials, which will only make him more enjoyable to observe in the upcoming years.

However, the 20-year-old needs to improve his game before securing a regular spot in City’s squad next season. He needs to add more unpredictability to his attacking repertoire as well as adding some muscle to be more robust defensively. If he does that, there will be almost nothing to block his way to achieve legendary status at the Etihad Stadium.