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Europa League 2018/19 Dynamo Kyiv Chelsea Tactical Analysis

How Dynamo Kyiv’s timid approach played into Chelsea’s hands

An inspired Chelsea secured their Europa League quarter-final spot by demolishing Dynamo Kyiv in their own stadium. After winning 3-0 at Stamford Bridge, the Blues didn’t give any chance to the Ukrainians, knocking them out with 8-0 on aggregate. The win was a result of the great connection between the players on the flanks but also of the lack of creativity and structure in Dynamo’s starting XI.

Chelsea’s secret weapons Olivier Giroud, Ruben Loftus-Cheek and Callum Hudson-Odoi put in outstanding performances and proved that Maurizio Sarri can rely on them in the tournament, without missing the presence of players like Eden Hazard and Gonzalo Higuain.

Giroud has been the main reason for the team reaching out the quarter-finals, scoring nine goals in nine games, including a hat-trick in Kyiv. His positional flair in the box has been of great help especially when attacking using the wings and during set-pieces.

The Londoners hardly had any problems defending against the home team, although they had to put in more effort during the second half. The absence of Benjamin Verbic due to illness had a huge impact on Dynamo’s performance as they struggled in the attacking phases.

But what was the reason behind Chelsea’s win, and why did Dynamo struggle so badly defending against them?

Dynamo’s non-existent press

Dynamo started in a 4-2-3-1 formation transforming into 4-4-1-1 out of possession against Chelsea’s 4-3-3. Sarri meanwhile made seven changes after the Wolves game at the weekend but still had a team strong enough to not allow any surprises.

The Blues’ plan of applying a high press using Giroud and Loftus-Cheek was clear from the early stages of the game. With them both marking the central defenders Dynamo struggled building up from the back. They were forced to make short pass combinations with the goalkeeper and the lack of creativity didn’t help them when trying to proceed the ball further.

Because of that high press Kyiv’s midfield line was stretched out wide trying to escape their markers and open the passing lanes, but a brilliant defensive performance by N’Golo Kante didn’t allow them to use these newly opened spaces.

On the other hand, the lack of any press and organisation during defensive transitions was the reason for Chelsea building up from the back pretty frequently with a huge success rate. Dynamo’s players were stuck in the midfield area and didn’t put any pressure on the centre-backs Antonio Rudiger and Andreas Christensen, which allowed them to keep possession for longer periods of time and use series of one-touch passes to form attacks.

Dynamo Kyiv Chelsea Europa League Tactical Analysis
There were too many spaces between Dynamo’s lines and the players were spread wide. Picture of how only one player was (not actively) pressing Christensen and Rudiger and they easily started an attack.
Dynamo Kyiv Chelsea Europa League Tactical Analysis
Chelsea’s top 10 pass links.

Because of the overloaded Kyiv midfield, Chelsea rarely used the central areas as a way to build up. The only reason for the higher amount of passes between Rudiger and Kovacic was them trying to slow down and play combinations of short passes in order to keep the ball.

The centre-backs would often position on both sides of the box which made it hard for their markers to follow the ball and cover them. Meanwhile, it made it easier for the Londoners to use the full-backs Marcos Alonso and Davide Zappacosta. They would position midway up the pitch and pick up the ball to form attacks on the flanks.

They needed no effort to build up smoothly from the back. On the rare occasions that Dynamo applied enough pressure on their opponents, Willian would drop back and cut inside as defensive support, and also open spaces for Loftus-Cheek and Alonso on the left flank.

Dynamo Kyiv Chelsea Europa League Tactical Analysis
When out of possession Kovacic would occasionally drop deeper to support the defensive line, while Loftus-Cheek and Kante were positioned more centrally, as in the situation above. Giroud and Willian would stay in the opposition’s half and apply a high press when needed.
Dynamo Kyiv Chelsea Europa League Tactical Analysis
Loftus-Cheek and Willian would often drop back and support with defensive actions, then would start forming an attack and as in the image above make one-touch pass combinations.

Giroud would also drop back in the central areas and use his strong off-the-ball movement to drag the defenders out of their zones and open spaces for Callum Hudson-Odoi and even Loftus-Cheek on the edge of the box.

However, Kante was marking his opponents tightly and they failed to use their strategy to use the wings to attack. This, though, made the connection between Kante and Hudson-Odoi less efficient, as the Frenchman was more focused on his defensive responsibilities. Later on, this problem was solved by simply Kante and Loftus-Cheek positioning more centrally and freeing more space for Alonso and Zappacosta to communicate with Willian and Hudson-Odoi.

Chelsea’s attacking ventures

Chelsea’s efforts on the wings and their set-piece performance caught Dynamo off guard. Because of the lack of a strong connection between Kante and Odoi, the Blues would mainly use the left flank more actively when forming an attack.

Dynamo Kyiv Chelsea Europa League Tactical Analysis
In the image above you can see that Alonso, Loftus-Cheek and Willian covered far wider areas that their teammates on the right.

Alonso would not only stay out wide but also would sometimes cut inside to give Loftus-Cheek a chance to position on the edge of the box. The Spaniard would pick up the ball and deliver it to the wing then make a cross to either Loftus-Cheek or Giroud to use their positional sense and shoot.

Dynamo Kyiv Chelsea Europa League Tactical Analysis
Alonso cuts through the middle and goes to the left. In the split second of the pass, Giroud moves off the ball and waits to receive the ball in the box.

Dynamo struggled when defending set-pieces. Not only did Wilian and Giroud make great combinations and create opportunities, but also Rudiger would join them in the box.

This almost caused some defensive issues during defensive transitions. In these situations, Kante would cover deep and position as the fourth man in the back-line while Rudiger was tracking back to his responsibilities as seen in the image below.

Dynamo Kyiv Chelsea Europa League Tactical Analysis

Dynamo’s highly positioned defensive line would sometimes be unable to reach Kante at speed. In the case below, he managed to send a perfectly measured through-ball to Giroud.

Dynamo Kyiv Chelsea Europa League Tactical Analysis

Dynamo’s unsuccessful efforts

Most of the time Dynamo sent long balls into Chelsea’s box without any direction. Out of desperation, they would use the goalkeeper Boyko as the player to distribute the ball to Chelsea’s half using long balls.

Dynamo Kyiv Chelsea Europa League Tactical Analysis
Dynamo struggled to build up but that didn’t stop them from trying. In the image above the home team created a neat combination using Boyko and Mykolenko to attack but Christensen’s offside awareness ruined their plans as he stopped for a split second so Garmash would be caught out of position.
Dynamo Kyiv Chelsea Europa League Tactical Analysis
One of the few times Dynamo managed to produce a incisive pass combination and progress the ball further.

There were a few sparks of creativity from Kyiv’s players as they managed to find a way to catch Zappacosta off guard. His lack of strong ball control could’ve cost the Blues. It was also to do with the fact that Chelsea’s press intensity dropped which allowed the hosts some chances in the second half.

Dynamo Kyiv Chelsea Europa League Tactical Analysis
Dynamo’s midfield wasn’t doing enough, so the defence tried a diagonal pass from one flank to another which was one of the moments they caught Zappacosta off guard.


Chelsea continued strongly in the Europa League and despite the downgrade in their performance in the Premier League, they can be considered as one of the favourites in this competition. Meeting Slavia Prague in the quarter-finals might not be too challenging for the team, bearing in mind that Sarri kept his Premier League starting XI players on the bench against Dynamo. If they continue with their attack-oriented style of play it won’t be of any surprise to see them as semi-finalists.

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