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Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

Xabi Alonso’s In-possession tactics at Real Sociedad B – tactical analysis

It’s perhaps no surprise that Xabi Alonso has moved into management. Alonso was a player who seemed to get better with age, and was so highly valued by Pep Guardiola in his final playing years due to his intelligence and vision on the football pitch, and how his football ideals were so similar to those of Guardiolas. The ex Liverpool, Real Madrid, and Bayern Munich midfielder has returned to the club where his playing career started to begin the next chapter in his life – as Head Coach of Real Sociedad B.

Sociedad’s first team are, of course, flying this season in La Liga, currently sitting in third place. At the time of writing Sociedad B sit in eighth place in their league, Segunda Division B, essentially the Spanish third tier, following a disappointing dip in form, but nevertheless, they are still only five points off of the top, and with a game in hand too.

Unsurprisingly, Alonso’s side play an exciting brand of possession-based football, and this tactical analysis will look to highlight some of the key facets of Alonso’s approach in possession, by looking at their overall principles, and patterns of play which help them achieve said principles.

Notes on attacking shape

According to Wyscout, Real Sociedad B have predominantly played a 4-2-3-1 under Alonso’s reign, and whilst his side most often look like this, or perhaps play with a 4-4-2 initially, out of possession, when they have the ball, their shape in front of their back line is fluid.

Seeing as this piece is looking at Sociedad B in possession, we will just look at the shape when they have the ball.

If we look at the three images below we can see the variations of Sociedad B’s shape. If we take them “lining up” in a 4-2-31, this might be how they press in this particular game. However, as soon as they win possession, there is a transition into one of the other two shapes. For clarity, I have left the labels of each player the same from the 4-2-3-1 image, so we can see where each player moves to.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

Interestingly, in the fluid 3-3-2-2 where the pivot drops between the two centre-backs, the right-back then has the freedom to push forward as well, and this allows the right-winger the freedom to drift inside and provide an immediate option in the half-space. 

Sociedad will switch between the 3-4-3 and this 3-3-2-2 frequently throughout the game, and the players have the freedom to move into these areas when the opportunity arises.

The first thing to notice about these shapes is the obvious width provided by the wing-backs in this shape. Alonso looks to leave plenty of space in the central channel, where his centre-forward can act as a false 9 and drop deep to receive possession, and the wing-backs and double pivot mean there is plenty of space left behind these four players for the centre-forward to do just this. 

Alonso also prefers to play with a very narrow back three, supported closely by a double or single pivot, like in the image below.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

This shape naturally draws the opposition’s press narrow, and with the wing-backs’ feet on the touchline, there is an easy outlet for the back three should they not be able to play centrally.

As well as offering an option beyond the first line of press, the pivot/s aim is to draw the opposition’s midfield forward in this phase and allow Sociedad’s wide centre-backs in the back three to either play a straight, line-breaking pass in the half-space or to find the false 9 with a diagonal through pass.

As we will see as we delve through some of Sociedad’s in possession tactics, on a basic level, Alonso does everything to manipulate the opponent’s positioning

Narrow the opposition before using width in attack

With width always being provided in possession, Alonso looks to initially seek to break down the opposition through the central channel or half-spaces. If they can work through their opponent this way, then that’s a great outcome, but with their focus on playing quick, forward passes through the centre of the pitch, they naturally narrow the opposition’s defensive shape, but at no point do their wing-backs tuck inside. There is always this width available and once the opposition defence are suitably narrowed, Sociedad will use them to get behind the back line, using their whipped crosses or pull-back crosses to beat the opposition.

During initial build-up there are generally two pivots offering central options whilst two wing-backs on either flank, as described earlier. We can also see how the half-spaces are left vacant.


Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

Alonso wants his side to play forward whenever possible, and should the option arrive, his defenders have the freedom to break lines with forward passes, like in the image below. By leaving these spaces vacant, Sociedad can play the ball forward quickly and provide immediate options around the new ball-carrier.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

The narrow positioning of the full-back in this back three also provides good coverage for Sociedad on defensive transition. If the ball is lost in the midfield like in the image below, we can see how, other than the right winger who is out of the picture, Sociedad’s shape is already compact and the right-back is tight to his centre-backs.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

The two wide centre-backs are also given permission to drive forward on the ball. There is more space in the half-spaces than in the central channel and these players can push forward in possession, progressing the ball forward.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

As they do this they narrow the opposition’s defensive shape, and are subsequently able to work the ball wide either to feet or providing a through pass for the wide players, thanks to the angle provided by their positioning in the half-space.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

The wide centre-backs in the back three are also given permission to help create overloads down their flank, particularly if there is a switch of play and their attackers can’t switch across quick enough to support the wing-back in possession. With the centre-back doing this they can create the overload whilst allowing their attackers to stay central, stretching the opponent’s back line. There is protection still in defence with two defenders left behind and at least one of the pivots sat deep enough to delay the opposition should a transition occur.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

Regardless of what formation they use, Alonso likes to use a front two, which we will discuss more later on, and this front two are supported either side by two wingers. These can be both wing-backs, or the number 10 will shift either side as well. In doing so there is always a wide outlet for the attack, but the height and width of their attacking four, pins the opposition defence back, and makes it risky for centre-backs to follow the false 9 into a deeper area, at the risk of leaving a gap in their overstretched back four.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

Draw the opposition defence out of balance by using a fluid attacking shape and rotations

Alonso’s Sociedad have constant movement off the ball when they have possession. This can be to create passing options for the ball-carrier, but also to provide space for the ball-carrier to drive forward, just as the pivot does for his centre-back in the image below.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

Every movement off the ball has the intention for drawing a defender out of position, and as such Sociedad are prolific at breaking down teams and creating spaces in behind for through passes.

As they play out from the back in the image below, the left-back pushes high into a wing-back position to support the central-midfielder.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

And in turn this central-midfielder pivots and plays forward to the centre-forward who has dropped into the half-space. The midfielder instantly gives an option for the return pass and the left-back continues running forward to give Sociedad a clear numerical advantage around the ball. It is the run of the centre-forward that draws the opposition right-back away from the defence. Even with a front two this wouldn’t be a particularly dangerous move as the opposition right centre-back could fill this gap should the player he is marking make a run into the space vacated by the false 9. But Sociedad’s “10” drifts forward to play as a second striker in response to his false 9’s movement. 

The presence of two forwards means the opposition centre-backs have to remain compact and they must let the numerical overload play out if both centre-forwards stay central, which they do.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

Sociedad repeatedly look to find this pattern, and even if teams look to block this pass through the half-space, their slick, quick, passing football can eventually lull the opposition out of their shape, when Sociedad show patience in the build-up. One of the pivots will often engage in possession initially to attract man-marking from the opponent, and then move into the vacant left-back position after the full-back has pushed high into a wing-back position. This movement from the pivot drags their marker with them and opens the half-space which the false 9 has moved into like in the example shown above, and the pattern repeats itself.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

The two players operating in the forward position and the number 10 work closely together and they use swift but simple rotations to draw the defence out of the back line and present through pass opportunities for their centre-backs in possession.

The simple pattern is as follows. Two centre-forwards sit relatively narrow occupying the back four as much as possible. The ball-side centre-forward then drops looking to receive to feet, dragging their marker with them, as the “10” in turn pushes forward filling the space his teammate has just left open.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

It’s a very basic pattern, but is down so quickly that it frequently presents chances behind the opposition back line for Sociedad, like in the image below.

The two forwards don’t always play so close to one another, and in fact often do a terrific job at creating space between the opposition centre-backs in what should be less than threatening areas of the pitch.

Below we can see how the two forwards are split and the “10” sits perfectly equidistant between them.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

Sociedad’s right-back and winger engage in a quick one-two to draw the attention of the opposition’s left-back, bringing them forward and ensuring the opposition centre-back must engage the forward. The ball-side centre-forward moves laterally to try and create an overload. If the centre-back doesn’t follow him then he can create this overload and Sociedad can work the ball down the line. But if he does follow the forward, which he does, and the second centre-forward remains where they are, it leaves a vast gap for the 10 to move into to receive the through pass.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

Flattening and stretching the opposition to facilitate through passes

Sociedad do a terrific job of creating great angles for through passes. They do this by flattening and stretching the opposition defence to create opportunities for these passes. The stretching, of course, comes from the width that is always provided in their attacking shape. The flattening comes from ensuring the centre-backs are both occupied by centre-forwards on the same horizontal plain.

We can see this happening in the image below where there is width in the attack and two centre-forwards close to the opposition centre-back. The attention is in the detail though, and for the through pass to be as devastating as possible it’s important that the centre-backs are looking to move forward rather than ready to turn and cover any through passes. That’s why Alonso’s centre-forwards look to operate between the lines. The centre-backs are then ready in their minds to press these players if they receive a pass through the lines. However, as we can see in this image, there is a third man, most often the number 10 or the more advanced pivot, ready to make the run in behind between the gap.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

We can see a similar example in the image below where the centre-backs are occupied by two players, again playing between the lines, and this time there is a third attacker, playing on the shoulder of the full-back.

This is important in this example as their presence ensures the right-centre-back has to be aware of two players and must play with a more open body position, or risk not seeing the blind-side run in behind. We can see in this image that there are two options for the through pass for the ball-carrier.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics

The ball is instead played inside, and the positioning of the forward on the opposition right-back becomes even more important, ensuring that this player can’t cover their centre-back should the ball be played in behind, for they have to be aware of this player’s movement. The deeper positioning of the central attacker, who is shown making a run in behind to meet the through pass, means the centre-back is flat, ready for this player to receive the ball to feet, rather than on the half-turn, ready to cover the highlighted space. The opposition’s flat back line is perfectly set for the ball-carrier to split open with the through pass.

Xabi Alonso at Real Sociedad B 2020/21 - tactical analysis tactics


This analysis has only focused on the in possession tactics of Xabi Alonso’s Real Sociedad B, but hopefully it has highlighted some interesting passing patterns and demonstrated how this exciting young coach looks to fulfil his attacking principles of play.