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Euro 2020 Qualifiers: Russia vs Scotland – tactical analysis tactics

Euro 2020 Qualifiers: Russia vs Scotland – tactical analysis

Qualification for UEFA EURO 2020 brought an intriguing clash in Group I. Russia came into the game only three points behind the group leaders Belgium. A victory here, at home, was needed to maintain the chase for the top spot. Scotland were holding onto faint hopes of automatic qualification and needed an upset to keep those hopes alive.

This tactical analysis examines Russia’s comfortable 4-0 win. The analysis will focus on the tactics employed by the home side to claim such an emphatic result.


Euro 2020 Qualifiers: Russia vs Scotland – tactical analysis tactics
The starting lineups.

Stanislav Cherchesov set up the home side in 4-2-3-1 formation that often appeared as a 4-3-3. In goal, they had Guilherme Marinato with a backline of Mário Fernandes, Andrey Semenov, Georgiy Dzhikiya and Fedor Kudryashov. The double-pivot pair was Magomed Ozdoev and Dmitry Barinov. Aleksandr Golovin was in attacking midfield but would often drop in alongside the double-pivot pair to form a three. Out wide they had Aleksey Ionov and Yuri Zhirkov while Artem Dzyuba was the lone striker.

Steve Clarke sent out the visitors in an almost identical fashion to the hosts. Their 4-2-3-1 was backed up by David Marshall in goal. In front of him would be a defensive line of Liam Palmer, Michael Devlin, Charlie Mulgrew and Andy Robertson. Callum McGregor and John Fleck were the double-pivot with John McGinn ahead of them.  Ryan Fraser and Robert Snodgrass would provide the width and Oliver Burke would spearhead the side.

Russia build-up structure

Russia were dominant in possession from the onset, pinning Scotland back almost immediately. The hosts finished the contest with 64% possession of the ball. They would build up with their full-backs pushed up very high, at times even ahead of all their midfielders. One of Ozdoev and Barinov would drop deep, at times slotting between the splitting central defenders.

These two had an impressive showing in their roles, circulating possession well and rarely looking in trouble with the ball. They were a key part in them ensuring such a high possession percentage without stagnating in the attack. Ozdoev even capped off his performance with a stunning long-range goal in the second half.

Euro 2020 Qualifiers: Russia vs Scotland – tactical analysis tactics
The usual shape of Russia’s build-up. Here Barinov drops to assist the defenders while Ozdoev is in line with Golovin. The fullbacks are circled.

Golovin would either drop to join his fellow midfielders or roam the more advanced areas. To accommodate the high full-backs, the wingers would tuck in between the Scottish full-backs and centre-backs. They and Dzyuba would effectively occupy the entire Scotland backline, meaning other Scotland players had to deal with the fullbacks.

This became a problem for Scotland and their narrow defensive shape. As the game wore on, Russia started to exploit the gaps in midfield. They began to move the ball to more dangerous areas. This also contributed to the timidness of Scotland in defence, allowing Russia to dominate possession further.

Euro 2020 Qualifiers: Russia vs Scotland – tactical analysis tactics
The three midfielders are circled on three different levels between the Scotland lines. Semenov finds Barinov behind the first line.
Euro 2020 Qualifiers: Russia vs Scotland – tactical analysis tactics
Barinov immediately turns and plays a ball to Golovin behind the Scottish midfield line.
Euro 2020 Qualifiers: Russia vs Scotland – tactical analysis tactics
Golovin then turns and gets past the recovering McGregor. Zhirkov’s run takes Palmer away which allows Golovin to find Kudryashov in space. He then sends in a cross which ends in a chance for Ionov.

Scottish defensive setup

Scotland didn’t employ a high press but waited for Russia to play the ball wide to trigger the press. They did this out of a 4-3-2-1 shape with one of the attacking three behind Burke falling back into midfield. So for example, Scotland would have Fraser, Burke and Snodgrass as the first defensive line.

They wouldn’t press the Russian central defenders when they had the ball but didn’t drop back. This did leave gaps behind them but they positioned themselves well early on to block passing lanes to Russian midfielders. Instead, they would press any midfielders in and around them who would receive the ball. Russia would just play it wide and find central passing options between the lines from there.

Euro 2020 Qualifiers: Russia vs Scotland – tactical analysis tactics
The Scottish 4-3-2-1 while Russia build up as Kudryashov is circled, free on the left side. Meanwhile, on the right, Fernandes bypasses pressure from Snodgrass to find Ozdoev centrally.

Having to deal with the Russian midfielders getting on the ball meant the Scottish midfielders had to stay narrow. They didn’t have the room to focus on tracking the opposition full-backs once Russia began to find players centrally. They had to leave at least one full-back completely free to adequately mark the Russian midfielders.

Scotland then seemed to use the 4-5-1 defensive setup more often with the Scottish wingers recovering deeper. This may have been due to the pressure coming from the Russian full-backs. This slight shift didn’t bring much change with the wide areas being a constant thorn in their side.

Euro 2020 Qualifiers: Russia vs Scotland – tactical analysis tactics
Scotland’s 4-3-2-1 again. Golovin drops deep, attracting a Scottish midfielder so Barinov makes the run to the newly created space. Kudryashov is free on the left but so is Fernandes on the right, out of frame. Dzhikiya finds Fernandes here with a long switch of play.

Dzyuba influence

Russia would then exploit the freedom of their full-backs constantly. From there they would look to either combine centrally or send in crosses. The crosses into the box were particularly a threat, especially with Dzyuba in such form. The frontman hassled the Scottish defence for much of the game with his imposing style of play. He would also drop to combine with the midfield, simultaneously creating gaps for his teammates’ runs behind Scotland.

Euro 2020 Qualifiers: Russia vs Scotland – tactical analysis tactics
Golovin finds Dzyuba dropping deep. The striker drew a defender and Ionov makes a run into the vacated space. Dzyuba then expertly flicks on for Ionov to run through on the goal. He failed to capitalise so the ball was eventually played out wide.

His brace and assist illustrated both the facets of his game. The striker opened the scoring, volleying in a Golovin corner with a Scottish defender draped all over him. He then grabbed his second after outbattling two defenders simultaneously and eventually poking the ball home. Dzyuba also showed a more skilful side to his game, trading short passes with Golovin in tight spaces, eventually teeing up the midfielder for his goal.

Scotland’s struggles going forward

Scotland only managed four shots during the entire game, the first of which they registered well into the second half. Those stats serve to highlight their offensive struggles during the game. With so little possession, Scotland’s primary routes to attack were the counter and playing it long. Neither of these posed a great danger to the Russians. They had the physical characteristics in the side to deal with most of the long balls.

Scotland would orientate their shape to one side and send the long ball to the crowded area where they’ll look to win second balls. Burke and his teammates did well to win some long balls and this did lead to some short spells of sustained possession. Unfortunately for Scotland, these moments were too short-lived for them to create anything.

Euro 2020 Qualifiers: Russia vs Scotland – tactical analysis tactics
The usual positioning during Marshall goal-kicks.

When they did keep the ball, they would have their double-pivot help the centrebacks play while the fullbacks pushed up. McGinn would switch between dropping to receive the ball and supporting Burke up top. Fraser and Snodgrass kept the width and would look for openings to send in crosses to Burke and supporting players.

Russia would settle into a 4-4-2 with the wingers moving beside the double-pivot while Golovin stayed alongside Dzyuba. These two would try to press to direct possession backwards, which would trigger a team press. This was a man-orientated press to try force a long ball and it was effective throughout the game.

Euro 2020 Qualifiers: Russia vs Scotland – tactical analysis tactics
Russia’s 4-4-2 shape while Scotland build up. The Scottish fullbacks are highlighted as well as McGinn behind the Russian midfield line.
Euro 2020 Qualifiers: Russia vs Scotland – tactical analysis tactics
Russia’s man-orientated press while Marshall plays a long ball out.

Scottish counter-attacking

Regarding their counter-attacking, Scotland were generally unable to win the ball in promising areas. And most of the times that they did, players were often left isolated, allowing Russia to recover in numbers and squash any threats. Their conservative nature was the likely reason that they couldn’t send reinforcements often enough.

But the counter-attacking tactic wasn’t completely ineffective. Scotland did find themselves in a few dangerous situations on the break but let themselves down with poor quality. They either failed to spot a pass or gifted the ball away with a poor touch or pass. Considering the infrequency of these opportunities, how they were wasted will hurt them most.

Euro 2020 Qualifiers: Russia vs Scotland – tactical analysis tactics
Snodgrass racing through on goal after combining brilliantly with Burke. Burke had drawn two defenders before laying it off for his teammate. A poor touch from Snodgrass allowed Russia to recover and end the attack.
Euro 2020 Qualifiers: Russia vs Scotland – tactical analysis tactics
Fraser with the ball during a counter-attack. He fails to spot his teammate in acres of room on the left as he drives forward. A Russian defender eventually catches him and the attack comes to nothing.


Russia may have taken a while to grab the lead but they were in full control of the game throughout. This was the expected performance as they maintained their ambition of topping the group. Scotland’s performance made it easier for Russia and puts an automatic qualification spot out of their reach. The away side will look to bounce back and will now focus on the hunt for a playoff spot. They host San Marino in a game they will undoubtedly need to win. Russia, on the other hand, go away to Cyprus to continue their impressive campaign thus far.


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