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Andoni Iraola at Rayo Vallecano 2022/23 - scout report

How Andoni Iraola’s positional play ideas are thriving in La Liga with Rayo Vallecano – tactical analysis

In 2015, Andoni Iraola decided to end a 15-year stay at the club he loved, Athletic Club Bilbao. Commonly a right back, he was an outstanding player for his dedication, maturity and effort that he provided in each match, in addition to the passion for his shirt. Under the mandate of many different coaches such as Marcelo Bielsa or Ernesto Valverde, Iraola decided to be a manager in the last stage of his career when he still did not know what would become of him after retirement. The decision was taken at New York City thanks to Patrick Vieira.

The former-Arsenal player was sarcastically guilty of the decision of the Spaniard to become a coach after giving up his playing career. Under a positional football idea, Iraola felt quite attracted in his conversations with the former legendary midfielder of the Premier League. He wanted to understand things that weren’t there in his mind as a player and Patrick was happy to teach him.

It was in 2017 when he decided to hang up his boots, to later lead AEK Larnaca in Cyprus. An experience that he liked a lot because, according to him, it tested whether what he thought and if that would work in football. Then with Mirandés, he reached the semi-finals of the Copa del Rey with such a good and fun football idea that gave him the right to be now the fashionable coach in La Liga with his Rayo Vallecano at only 40 years of age.

This article will be based on a tactical analysis of Iraola’s tactics at Rayo Vallecano together with an analysis of the team in both phases of the game.

Intensity off-the-ball

Andoni varies between a compact system that is usually a defensive 4-4-2 or 4-5-1, which awaits the rivals in the mid-block. However, ideas have fluctuated and Rayo Vallecano has become a team that presses very high, with great and positive aggressiveness, as well as certain interesting positions within the defensive ideas of the former right-back.

First, we can talk about the statistical part of Rayo’s defensive game, since it is there where we can see the sign that they are an extremely proactive team when defending, registering a PPDA of 7.62, being the third team that allows fewer passes before taking defensive action.

The positionings vary depending on the opponent and the setup of the opposition in the build-up, as well as their intentions. They have gone with the same idea to play face to face against teams like Valencia, Sevilla or Real Madrid which they could win 3-2 at home for example. There are clear ideas of how they want to defend their rival beyond the fact that certain things vary.

In principle, one of the wingers, mostly the left one, closes his position to defend the central defenders along with the centre-forward. Behind, the rival #6 is nullified by the #10 of the Vallecas team. While further back the double pivot midfielders also seek to have the opposition options blocked there, although many of the turnovers they force are in the central channel, thanks to their clever triggers, not taking their marking too close or too far. Meanwhile, the right-winger tries to press the rival full-back.

Andoni Iraola at Rayo Vallecano 2022/23 - scout report

But as we mentioned, things vary due to the situations that the rival team wants to create with the ball. For example, in the first figure that we show, Sevilla sends their full-back quite high, therefore Rayo Vallecano’s left-back remains low with his line, in the same position as his opponent that looks to threaten him.

Nevertheless, Fran García is the usual LB, and it is common to see him higher doing a very good pressing job since he is a highly dynamic and aggressive player, as well as having a tremendous physique and effort that allows him to advance meters on the field to defend as a winger and that the teams have all their low options to escape the pressure, blocked.

The collective work has done a great job in this sense to not only win possessions but how dynamic and fast they are after stealing and counter-attacking is something quite integrated that many have, in addition to having footballers with a solid technical level such as Óscar Trejo or Isi Palazón in this last third of the pitch, where normally Rayo wants to create their game.

Andoni Iraola at Rayo Vallecano 2022/23 - scout report

However, when forced by teams that manage long and high possessions up the field, they have a compact block in which they still try to be aggressive and proactive in pressing. It is something usual to see how Rayo can jump out to steal with one of their forwards to the central defenders with the ball in a high block.

The midfielders set the tone as does one of the forwards if defending in 4-4-2. They seek to force the ball holder to play to one side and the triggers are activated by one or two players on the other side of the pitch. It is quite an intelligent facet of the team that always tries to get the rivals out of their third and keep them away from the box.

The more they let them progress, the more chances of doing damage there will exist, so this intensity is handled in each third and the triggers to steal the ball aggressively are constant in many areas, no matter in which zones the opponent wants to create progression.

Andoni Iraola at Rayo Vallecano 2022/23 - scout report

Andoni Iraola has lived with coaches who have managed extremely incredible defensive ideas over the years. Bielsa and Valverde are two characters in this area that have been characterized, one for being the king of intensity and high pressing, and the other for being compact but chameleonic to adapt to high, mid pressing or solid blocks such as Valverde.

It is clear that he has been inspired by ideas such as man-marking or those aggressive jumps in a 4-4-2 block. Despite certain errors to defend the penalty box and that on certain occasions his team can be exposed in counter-attacks, Iraola is forming a really interesting defensive system in La Liga.

Positional football

Ernesto Valverde and Patrick Vieira seem to have inspired him a lot in this regard. Andoni Iraola is a fan of positional play. He wants his players to take charge of specific zones, look for width, turn the side of the game constantly and above all, especially with a rather high emphasis on finding the free man.

He comments that this idea of a free man was one of the things that most attracted him to Vieira’s 4-3-3, which motivated him much more to understand football in a different way and dedicate himself to being a coach to continue living within football. One of the things that he was most delighted with was how he understood how to play as #6, something that Patrick knew perfectly, and it is something that we will see later that he took from him.

Within a 4-2-3-1, Rayo Vallecano is a team that quickly finds itself in a high block, their players take charge of the position for which they are responsible and occupy all the channels on the field. They are capable of managing quite long possessions with ball movements from side to side or inside and back in a repetitive cycle in order to open up spaces in the opposing block.

This side-by-side and inside-back search is one of the clearest ideas of his team. Within their shape, both full-backs go high and attack deep the last line of the pitch. The left-winger is more open and drives inside looking to create 1-2 with his LB. The #10 is mobile depending on where the ball moves, the striker is more fixed with one-touch supports, and the right-winger, Isi Palazón, plays inverted in a role that has suited him perfectly.

Andoni Iraola at Rayo Vallecano 2022/23 - scout report

At Rayo Vallecano, several things become clearer when they have the ball. They seek to fill the last defensive line. Óscar Valentín from the double pivot is the player who stays the most and that is where Patrick’s teaching comes in, to hand over the responsibility ahead of the defenders purely to one player, the #6. His defensive and offensive movements say a lot about this, in addition to being the one who dictates when to change the side of the game together with his centre-backs.

The movements to pin rival players are something that occurs with complete consistency and normality within the team. The wingers look to fully open the channels to their full-backs, but even though the LW plays closer to the LB, there are always these moves to find the free man pinning rivals. The idea will always be to touch and touch, until the free man appears thanks to the direction of the ball, which, by going from side to side and out to in, moves the rival block completely. The right moment will arrive, patiently, but it will.

As Guardiola has said many times within his positional football, everything moves according to the ball, and if the ball moves fast, spaces are generated to progress. Something interesting about Iraola is that much of his attacking threat comes from the speed and inventiveness of his wing players. The LW, LB or the RB. The RW, in this case, Palazón, is a player of more holding and pause than dynamism and dribbling.

Andoni Iraola at Rayo Vallecano 2022/23 - scout report

The figure above is important because we can appreciate several things. How important is the #10, Trejo, moving through different channels, in this case, almost wide open? Plus where Palazón’s receptions are located and the width of his full-backs, in this case the RB. But beyond that, in general terms, it is their positioning which is generating multiple pinnings to be able to progress and find the free man, which was Isi Palazón in the half-space, an area quite used by him and Trejo.

Another thing that draws a lot of attention within Iraola’s team is how well the central defenders progress and play with the ball at their feet. With few complications, they move from side to side but when they execute a pass between the lines they do it greatly. They have a good long ball if the opportunity arises and they look within the idea of the former Basque player, to find the free man who they normally look for on the outside.

Andoni Iraola at Rayo Vallecano 2022/23 - scout report

The dragging movements are also a constant, in order to generate third-man runs that have been made showy and regular by Santi Comesaña, one of the members of Vallecano’s double-pivot who has become a key player in attacking the penalty area and providing progression as well as being one more attacker for the team.

The movements in the last third, especially from the striker, the attacking midfielder and Palazón are extremely constant, which allows markings to be dragged, rivals pinned and the pass appears for one of the players to create diagonal runs or movements into space. In case it is not possible and it is very risky, they will continue to play passes side-to-side until the block is broken.

Andoni Iraola at Rayo Vallecano 2022/23 - scout report

There is a clear emphasis on generating threat on the outside, which is activated thanks to the approaches of at least two players to form the 3v2 out wide with the FB. This is something that has been done many times in Iraola’s team, seeking to load one zone to release the other or, in such a case, to progress through it if the pass appears.

Trejo and the LW, Alvaro Garcia normally, are players who have perfectly understood this. They are changing channels, waiting to touch, moving the rivals, dragging them until one player draws the run, which is normally always created thanks to the teammates for the full-back to be mainly the one who runs into space to then send crosses into the box with time to decide.

This will always be accompanied by the mentioned movements by Comesaña, who was able to score against Real Madrid thanks to his intelligence, along with what his striker did off-the-ball, moving one of the defenders to create free space for him to take the shot. Again, the idea is integrated into the player’s mind: We move and drag to create the free man.

Andoni Iraola at Rayo Vallecano 2022/23 - scout report

Andoni Iraola’s team has become fashionable in Spain and little by little throughout the world. His modern idea of the game, in addition to giving it a few different tones thanks to the coaches he was able to work with, in different phases of the game, makes it super interesting in his search for how to play football inside his mind.

As soon as you see a build-up, you find meaning in many movements and positioning of their players, as well as passes, even if they seem boring or repetitive, but then can make their team one of the best in the country. You can see it also in players who are quite passional and having fun when playing inside the ‘Rayo’.


Rayo Vallecano likes width, long possessions, standing up to giant rivals from La Liga and having a very own courageous personality on the pitch. In addition, they are brave to go and steal the ball from you. Andoni Iraola has integrated a game model and an identity into the Madrid team, which is experiencing a dream moment, not only thanks to his coach but also to the quality of footballers at its disposal.